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Alaska Sleep Education Center

What Is Sleep Apnea? - A Refresher Course, Part 5

Posted by Jennifer Hines on Nov 30, 2018 2:25:00 PM

Epidemiology

The costs of untreated sleep apnea reach further than just health issues. It is estimated that in the U.S., the average untreated sleep apnea patient's annual health care costs $1,336 more than an individual without sleep apnea.

This may cause $3.4 billion/year in additional medical costs. Whether medical cost savings occur with treatment of sleep apnea remains to be determined.

The Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study estimated in 1993 that roughly one in every 15 Americans was affected by at least moderate sleep apnea.

It also estimated that in middle-age as many as nine percent of women and 24 percent of men were affected, undiagnosed and untreated.

History

The clinical picture of this condition has long been recognized as a character trait, without an understanding of the disease process. The term "Pickwickian syndrome" that is sometimes used for the syndrome was coined by the famous early 20th century physician William Osler, who must have been a reader of Charles Dickens. The description of Joe, "the fat boy" in Dickens's novel The Pickwick Papers, is an accurate clinical picture of an adult with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.[78]

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Topics: life with sleep apnea, OSA

What Is Sleep Apnea? - A Refresher Course, Part 4

Posted by Jennifer Hines on Nov 29, 2018 11:00:00 AM

Weight loss

Excess body weight is thought to be an important cause of sleep apnea. In weight loss studies of obese and overweight individuals, those who lose weight show reduced apnea frequencies and improved Apnoea–Hypopnoea Index (AHI) compared to controls.

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Topics: life with sleep apnea, OSA

What Is Sleep Apnea? - A Refresher Course, Part 3

Posted by Jennifer Hines on Nov 28, 2018 3:31:00 PM

Central sleep apnea


PSG system showing a central apnea.
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Topics: life with sleep apnea, OSA

What Is Sleep Apnea? - A Refresher Course, Part 2

Posted by Jennifer Hines on Nov 27, 2018 12:00:00 PM

Diagnosis

Sleep apnea may be diagnosed by the evaluation of symptoms, risk factors and observation, (e.g., excessive daytime sleepiness and fatigue) but the gold standard for diagnosis is a formal sleep study (polysomnography, or sometimes a reduced-channels home-based test).

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Topics: life with sleep apnea, OSA

What Is Sleep Apnea? - A Refresher Course, Part 1

Posted by Jennifer Hines on Nov 26, 2018 3:12:28 PM

Sleep apnea, also spelled sleep apnoea, is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or periods of shallow breathing during sleep.  Each pause can last for a few seconds to a few minutes and they happen many times a night. In the most common form, this follows loud snoring

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Topics: life with sleep apnea, OSA

PTSD and Its Connection to Sleep Apnea

Posted by Jennifer Hines on Nov 9, 2018 2:07:39 PM

You may already know that serving in the military increases the chance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD),  a mental health condition that can develop after experiencing a terrifying event like war. But what you may not realize is that PTSD is linked to a potentially dangerous nighttime issue: sleep apnea .

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Topics: ptsd, life with sleep apnea, Military, veterans

PTSD and Sleep Apnea:What All Military Families Should Know

Posted by Stefanie Leiter on Oct 25, 2018 3:30:00 PM

What is PTSD?

"Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) develops in some people who have experienced a shocking, scary, or dangerous event. It is natural to feel afraid during and after a traumatic situation. Fear triggers many split-second changes in the body to help defend against danger or to avoid it. This ‘fight-or-flight’ response is a typical reaction meant to protect a person from harm."

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Topics: ptsd, life with sleep apnea

Treating OSA in Kids Improves Behavior and Quality of Life.

Posted by Guest blogger: Denise Mann, Web MD on Oct 11, 2018 7:30:00 PM

Kids with obstructive sleep apnea are often tired by day, have trouble paying attention, and have other behavioral problems all because they are not getting enough quality sleep at night. A new study may help turn that around -- without surgery.

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Topics: Pediatrics, life with sleep apnea, OSA, OSA in children

Sleep Apnea in Patients with Fibromyalgia: A Growing Concern

Posted by Stefanie Leiter on Oct 4, 2018 4:56:00 PM

Fibromyalgia causes muscle pain making it difficult to sleep which then cyclically creates exacerbated pain causing lack of sleep. Once symptoms can be identified and controlled more successfully, sleep improves while pain lessens.

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Topics: losing sleep, life with sleep apnea, pain, fibromyalgia

Sleep Apnea and Breast Cancer Survival

Posted by Jennifer Hines on Oct 2, 2018 5:06:09 PM

October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month.

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Topics: women, life with sleep apnea, cancer

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